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第一届国际生物节水的理论与实践会议第一轮通知

  干旱成为21世纪和未来的世界性难题,如何提高有限水资源的高效利用,特别是通过生物节水和工程节水及农艺措施相配合,发展可持续农业和国民经济,成为当前和未来的研究热点问题。

引起世界绿色革命的诺贝尔和平奖获得者 N E.Borlaug (2000)讲到: “我们如何在有限可能利用的水资源条件下, 生产更多的食物来满足日益快速增长的人口需要, 不可置疑的结论是, 人类在21世纪需要开展蓝色革命让每一滴水生产出更多的粮食’ (Blue Revolution — more crop for every drop), 去继续完成20世纪 绿色革命的使命, 科学技术的发展在召唤我们走上这条道路。从国内外生物节水的研究趋势来看,既受到了很大的重视,但同时目前生物节水的研究还处于相对薄弱的状态,国内在植物抗旱和水分高效利用研究较多,但动物和微生物抗旱节水研究比较少。特别是有些生物资源可以利用盐碱地的水分,或者可以消除污染,改良利用不良水资源,提高水分利用效率,发展经济,也是一个重要的研究方向。

关于旱地农业和抗旱等相关方面的国际会议在国内外已经有不少,但关于生物节水和提高水分利用效率的会议,目前还未见报道。为了加快生物节水研究的国际交流,提高我国生物节水的研究水平,展现我国节水农业和旱地农业的优秀成果,学习国内外生物节水的先进技术,为我国十一五生物节水和节水农业的深入发展提供理论和技术支撑体系,我们欢迎国内外有关专家学者参加第一届国际生物节水的理论与实践会议

会议主题是生物节水的理论与实践,主要内容有:

1.       水资源与粮食和经济及生态安全

2.       生物节水研究的发展方向

3.       农艺节水和工程节水

4.       植物水分高效利用和抗旱的生理遗传育种

5.       动物和微生物水分高效利用和抗旱的生理遗传育种

6.       生物对不良水资源的改良和高效利用

本次会议拟于2006521~25日在北京召开,由中国科学院遗传与发育研究所农业资源研究中心主办,联合中国科学院,国家自然科学基金委员会,国家科技部863节水重大专项办公室等有关部门。

欢迎有关节水灌溉、农业、生物公司和企业单位参加,展示和宣传与抗旱节水应用和研究有关的产品和技术,加快节水农业和旱地农业的成果转化。

联系方式:

张正斌

中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所农业资源研究中心

石家庄市槐中路286号,050021

电话:0311—5886648   传真:0311—5815093

Email: zzb@ms.sjziam.ac.cn

 

The First International Conference on the Theory and Practices in Biological Water Saving 

May 21-25, 2006. Beijing. China

First Announcement

Organized by

Center of Agricultural Resources

                     Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology

                     Chinese Academy of Sciences

 

Center for International Scientific Exchanges

Chinese Academy of Sciences

Sponsored by

Chinese Academy of Sciences

Ministry of Science and Technology of China  

National Natural Science Foundation of China

Invitation

Welcome to attend the First International Conference on the Theory and Practices in Biological Water Saving, organized by the Center of Agricultural Resources, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Center for international scientific exchanges, Chinese Academy of Sciences, will be held from 21 to 25 May 2006 in Beijing, China.

Water shortage has become one of the most urgent problems in the world. The next crisis in water shortage may have impacts far more severe than the crisis in oil shortage either we have experienced or in the future. Improving water use efficiency through biological approaches in combination with other agronomic water saving methods and projects and developing a sustainable agriculture under limited water resources have become and will continue to be the challenges in our research in the future.

The twentieth century has witnessed the great effort of mankind to strive for more food production. In the 1950s and 1960s, breeding for semi-dwarf wheat and rice cultivars that were lodging resistant and required more nutrients, led to an unprecedented increase in grain production known as the First Green Revolution. As mankind has entered 21st century, Blue Revolution, the struggle in agriculture for better use of water resources, has just begun.

Norman E. Borlaug, 1970 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, said in 2000, “how can we continue to expand food production for a growing world population within the parameters of likely water availability? The inevitable conclusion is that humankind in the 21st Century will need to bring about a ‘Blue Revolution –more crop for every drop’ to complement the so “Green Revolution” of the 20th Century. Water use productivity must be wedded to land use productivity. Science and technology will be called upon to show the way”.

From the post decade, many scientists have paid more attention on water use efficiency. For example, There is one chapter Technologies affecting water-use efficiency of plants and animals” in the book “Water related technologies for sustainable agriculture in U.S arid and semiarid lands” in the 1990s. The genomics of plant water use efficiency project, funded by a grant from the National Science Foundation in 2001 in USA. The book “ Fundamental of physiology and genetics and breeding in crop drought resistance and water saving ” published in 2003 in China. The book “water use efficiency in plant biology” published in 2004 in UK. More crop water use efficiency study carried out and new crop varieties with high water use efficiency were bred in Australia and other countries. So we think that there is a good fundament and good opportunity for us to set up the first conference on theory and practices in biological water saving.

In our opinion, drought resistance is important, but high water use efficiency is more much important in crop high yield breeding and production, because crop water saving breeding or high water use efficiency breeding program could combine high yield with high water use efficiency and good drought resistance traits together in one body. By now, more researches and investments have already been put on water saving agronomic methods and water saving equipments and projects, but we know less about biology fundament of high water use efficiency and drought in plant, especially in animal and microorganism in the ecology system in arid and semiarid area.

In another aspect, we should pay more attention to the study on high water efficiency with salt water and poor quality water by plants animal and microorganism under stress environment, and utilize these high water use efficiency organisms to recover good ecological environment and get more economic profit from unfavorable environments.

We feel that it is the right time to hold a conference to bring us together and discuss these challenges and share our ideas and results. Beijing should be the right place for such an event because of its geographical location in the semiarid area suffering severe water shortage problems. As the capital of Chinese civilization and culture for hundreds years, Beijing surely should have much more you will be interested to know.

This conference topic will focus on the theory and practices in biological water saving with sessions such as:

1.          Water resource and security of food and economy and ecology

2.          Advances in biological water saving

3.          Agronomic water saving methods and projects

4.          Physiology and genetics in breeding for high water use efficiency and drought resistance in plants

5.          Physiology and genetics in breeding for high water use efficiency and drought resistance in animal and microorganisms

6.          Biology in use of salt water and poor quality water resource

There were many international conferences on drought resistance and dryland agricultural, but such international conference on water use efficiency has never been held before. We sincerely welcome more scientists from every country in the world, put more interesting in the first international conference on theory and practices in biological water saving, and we are waiting for your outstanding contributions to the first conference on First International Conference on the Theory and Practices in Biological Water Saving.

We also welcome more biology companies and agricultural and industry companies, related water saving and drought resistance, take part in this international conference, to exhibit your technology and equipments and products to improving biological water use efficiency combining with your new science and technology.

For more information, please contact:

Dr Zhang Zhengbin

Center of Agricultural Resource

Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology

Chinese Academy of Sciences

Address: No 286 Huaizhong RoadShijiazhuang, Hebei provinceP R China

Post code: 050021

E-mail: zzb@ms.sjziam.ac.cn

Tel: 86-0311-5886648(O)    Fax:86-0311-5815093 

 


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